PAC-mediated AKI protection is critically mediated but does not exclusively depend on cell-derived microvesicles

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
H. DihaziDaniel patschan

Abstract

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) significantly worsens the prognosis of hospitalized patients. In recent years, cell-based strategies have been established as reliable option for improving AKI outcomes in experimental AKI. Own studies focused on so-called Proangiogenic Cells (PACs). Mechanisms that contribute to PAC-mediated AKI protection include production / secretion of extracellular vesicles (MV - microvesicles). In addition, the cells most likely act by paracrinic processes (secretome). The current study evaluated whether AKI may be preventable by the administration of either PAC-derived MV and / or the secretome alone. AKI was induced in male C57/Bl6N mice (8-12 weeks) by bilateral renal ischemia (IRI - 40 minutes). Syngeneic murine PACs were stimulated with either melatonine, Angiopoietin-1 or -2, or with Bone Morphogenetic Protein-5 (BMP-5) for one hour, respectively. PAC-derived MV and the vesicle-depleted supernatant were subsequently collected and i.v. injected post-ischemia. Mice were analyzed 48 hours later. IRI induced significant kidney excretory dysfunction as reflected by higher serum cystatin C levels. The only measure that improved AKI was the injection of MV, collected from native PACs. The following conditions wor...Continue Reading

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