Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in human genetic disease

Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Christian P Schaaf

Abstract

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors represent a family of ligand-gated ion channels that are widely expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems. To date, 16 genes encoding subunits of mammalian nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have been identified. The various subunits form homomeric or heteromeric receptor proteins, allowing for a complex and adaptable system of nicotinic neurotransmission. Mutations of nicotinic receptor genes can cause Mendelian disorders, most importantly congenital myasthenic syndromes, multiple pterygium syndromes, and nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsies. Haploinsufficiency of CHRNA7 predisposes to neuropsychiatric phenotypes in 15q13.3 deletion syndrome. The role of various nicotinic receptor genes is also discussed for complex disorders such as addiction, schizophrenia, Alzheimer disease, and Parkinson disease.

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Related Concepts

DNA Copy Number Changes
Schizophrenia
Peripheral Nervous System
Degenerative Diseases, Spinal Cord
Synaptic Transmission
Candidate Gene Identification
Alzheimer's Disease
Oligogenic Inheritance
Pterygium
Atypical Mycobacteriosis, Familial

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