Apr 9, 2020

A GATA6-centered gene regulatory network involving HNFs and ΔNp63 controls plasticity and immune escape in pancreatic cancer

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Paola MartinelliF. X. Real

Abstract

Objective: Molecular taxonomy of tumors is the foundation of personalized medicine and is becoming of paramount importance for therapeutic purposes. Four transcriptomics-based classification systems of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) exist, which consistently identified a subtype of highly aggressive PDACs with basal-like features, including {Delta}Np63 expression and loss of the epithelial master regulator GATA6. We investigated the precise molecular events driving PDAC progression and the emergence of the basal program. Design: We combined the analysis of patient-derived transcriptomics datasets and tissue samples with mechanistic experiments using a novel dual-recombinase mouse model for Gata6 deletion at late stages of KRasG12D-driven pancreatic tumorigenesis (Gata6LateKO). Results: This comprehensive human-to-mouse approach allowed us to show that GATA6 loss is necessary, but not sufficient, for the expression of a basal program in patients and in mice. The concomitant loss of HNF1A and HNF4A, likely through epigenetic silencing, is required for the full phenotype switch. Moreover, Gata6 deletion in mice dramatically increased the metastatic rate, with a propensity for lung metastases. Through RNA-Seq analysis of p...Continue Reading

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Protein Export Pathway
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Biomedicine
Biomedical Research
United States National Institutes of Health

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