PMID: 3894958Aug 1, 1985Paper

Nitroarenes in Suimon River sediment

Mutation Research
T SatoT Ishikawa


Mutagenic activity was observed in sediments of the Suimon River bed with and without S9 mix. The direct-acting mutagens in the sediment were investigated. The sediment was extracted with methanol and fractionated on a Silica gel column. The benzene fraction from the Silica gel column exhibited mutagenic activity without S9 mix in strain TA98, while it failed to show mutagenic activity in nitroreductase-deficient strain TA98NR. This observation led to the suspicion that nitro compounds were the direct-acting mutagens of these samples. The benzene fraction was treated by heptafluorobutyric anhydride (HFBA) and investigated with gas chromatography equipped with an electron capture detector (GC-ECD). 2-Nitrofluorene, 4,4'-dinitrobiphenyl, 2,7-dinitrofluorene and 1-nitropyrene were detected and measured quantitatively. The mutagenic activity of a mixture of these compounds was compared with that of the original fraction and the direct-acting mutagenicity of Suimon River sediment can be explained by these nitroarenes, especially 1-nitropyrene.


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