May 3, 1976

Nitrogenase activity in cultured Rhizobium sp. strain 32H1: nutritional and physical considerations

Archives of Microbiology
A H GibsonJ D Pagan

Abstract

Nutritional and physical conditions affecting nitrogenase activity in the strain of "cowpea" rhizobia, 32H1, were examined using cultures grown on agar medium. Arabinose in the basic medium (CS7) could be replaced by ribose, xylose, or glycerol, but mannitol, glucose, sucrose, or galactose only supported low nitrogenase (C2H2 reduction) activity. Succinate could be replaced by pyruvate, fumarate, malate, or 2-oxoglutarate, but without any carboxylic acid, nitrogenase activity was low or undetectable unless a high level of arabinose was provided. Inositol was not essential. Several nitrogen sources could replace glutamine including glutamate, urea, (NH4)2SO4 and asparagine. The maximum nitrogenase activity of cultures grown in air at 30 degrees C was observed under assay conditions of pO2=0.20-0.25 atm and 30 degrees C incubation. Greatest activity occurred after a period of rapid bacterial growth, when viable cell count was relatively constant. Compared with results obtained on the CS7 medium, nitrogenase activity could be substantially increased and/or sustained for longer periods of time by using 12.5 MM succinate and 100 mM arabinose, by increasing phosphate concentration from 2 to 30-50 mM, or by culturing the bacteria at 2...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Asparagine
Dioxygen
Arabinose
Galactose Measurement
Glycerin
Calcium
Agar
Alpha Ketoglutarate
OGDH
Pyruvate Measurement

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.