PMID: 7091603Mar 1, 1982Paper

Nitrous oxide analgesia and altitude

M F JamesJ E Dennett


The analgesic effectiveness of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen or oxygen-enriched air, measured by variations in pain threshold, was studied at an altitude of 1460 m and simulated altitudes of sea level and 3300 m. At sea level pressures, 50% nitrous oxide exerted a similar analgesic effect to that found for morphine, raising the pain thresholds by a mean of 71.5%. At 1460 m, the increase in pain threshold produced was 40% and at 3300 m the increase in pain threshold was only 19%. The difference between the analgesic effects of nitrous oxide at each altitude was statistically significant. It is concluded that moderate altitudes significantly reduce the effectiveness of nitrous oxide in a manner directly related to the partial pressure of nitrous oxide at each altitude.


Feb 1, 1978·British Journal of Anaesthesia·M F JamesC P Rice
May 1, 1976·British Journal of Anaesthesia·J G WhitwamA Petrie
Dec 1, 1967·British Journal of Anaesthesia·G D PARBROOK


Oct 3, 2006·Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology·M F James
Nov 19, 2009·Journal of Anesthesia·Kay B Leissner, Feroze U Mahmood
May 15, 2008·Anaesthesia·P G Firth, K T S Pattinson
May 24, 2015·British Journal of Anaesthesia·M F M JamesM P W Grocott

Related Concepts

Insufflation Anesthesia
Nitrous Oxide
Sensory Thresholds

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.