PMID: 10447689Aug 14, 1999Paper

NMR structure of active and inactive forms of the sterol-dependent antifungal antibiotic bacillomycin L

European Journal of Biochemistry
Laurent VolponJean-Marc Lancelin

Abstract

The antifungal antibiotic lipopeptide bacillomycin L [cyclo-(L-Asp1-D-Tyr2-D-Asn3-L-Ser4-L-Gln5-D-Ser6++ +-L-Thr7-beta-amino fatty acid)] from Bacillus subtilis belongs to the iturinic family of antifungal agents and acts with a strict sterol-phospholipid dependence on biomembranes. This antibiotic has been analysed using solution NMR spectroscopy in its native active form and its inactive (L-Asp1, D-Tyr2) di-O-methylated form. The structures were calculated under NMR-derived restraints using molecular-dynamic simulated-annealing protocols starting from a random array of atoms. The structure of the native antibiotic is spread over different conformers in which two families are recognized. It was found that most structures have dihedral phi and psi angles defining a type-II' beta-turn including amino acids 5-8, in certain cases stabilized by a 8HN-5CO hydrogen bond, whereas a minority of structures adopt an inverse gamma-turn including amino acids 6-8, stabilized in all cases by an 8HN-6CO hydrogen bond. The di-O-methylation of L-Asp1 and D-Tyr2, an amino acid strictly conserved within the iturinic group of antibiotics, does not induce major differences in the NMR spectra and in the NMR structures. The results are discussed in r...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 28, 2009·Marine Drugs·Cynthia D AndjelicLouis R Barrows
Apr 23, 2010·Marine Drugs·Gowri Shankar Bagavananthem Andavan, Rosa Lemmens-Gruber
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