No reduction in cerebral metabolism as a result of early moderate hyperventilation following severe traumatic brain injury

Journal of Neurosurgery
Michael N DiringerWilliam J Powers

Abstract

Hyperventilation has been used for many years in the management of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Concern has been raised that hyperventilation could lead to cerebral ischemia; these concerns have been magnified by reports of reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF) early after severe TBI. The authors tested the hypothesis that moderate hyperventilation induced early after TBI would not produce a reduction in CBF severe enough to cause cerebral energy failure (CBF that is insufficient to meet metabolic needs). Nine patients were studied a mean of 11.2+/-1.6 hours (range 8-14 hours) after TBI occurred. The patients' mean Glasgow Coma Scale score was 5.6+/-1.8 and their mean age 27+/-9 years; eight of the patients were male. Intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial blood pressure, and jugular venous oxygen content were monitored and cerebral perfusion pressure was maintained at a level higher than 70 mm Hg by using vasopressors when needed. Measurements of CBF, cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO2), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and cerebral venous oxygen content (CvO2) were made before and after 30 minutes of hyperventilation to a PaCO2 of 30+/-2 mm Hg. Ten age-matched healthy volunt...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
sedation

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