Oct 31, 2018

Non-High Frequency Heart Rate Chaos: A Noninvasive Marker of REM Sleep and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Zhi-De DengChi-Sang Poon

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a highly prevalent condition associated with considerable metabolic, cardiovascular, and neurocognitive morbidity. Childhood OSAS is underdiagnosed due to a limited number of sleep laboratories and the lack of a screening test, and the subtlety of daytime symptoms in children compared to adults. A potential marker of OSAS is apnea-induced sympathoexcitation, which is likely to be exacerbated during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. However, traditional methods of assessing sympathetic activity are either too invasive or insensitive/nonspecific for clinical use, particularly as a screening test. Study population comprised pediatric patients with OSAS (16 moderate/severe, 18 mild) and 18 normal non-snoring controls. We show that the chaotic dynamics of heart rate variability (HRV) as assessed by a sensitive noise titration assay is significantly increased during REM compared to non-REM sleep in children, particularly those with OSAS. The increase in heart rate chaos prevails in the face of decreased parasympathetic-mediated high-frequency component of the HRV power spectrum, indicating that the chaos was correlated to sympathetic instead of parasympathetic activity. Receiver operating char...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Study
Morbidity Aspects
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Parasympathetic Nerve Structure
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Face
Laboratory
Human rhinovirus A

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