Jul 1, 1989

Non-identity of cGMP as the guanine nucleotide stimulated to bind to ROS by light and ATP

Experimental Eye Research
P S YuenN D Goldberg


Light, in the presence of ATP, has been reported to stimulate cGMP binding to a 58 kDa protein in ROS (rod outer segments, Fesenko and Krapivinsky, 1986b, Photobiochem. Photobiophys. 13 345-58). This apparent light-related redistribution of ROS cGMP has been suggested to eliminate any requirement for phosphodiesterase-promoted hydrolysis of cGMP in the mechanism subserving phototransduction. Using conditions identical to those previously reported, this effect of light and ATP was examined further by characterizing the metabolic products that arise and the nucleotides that become liganded. The increased binding of radiolabeled guanine nucleotide upon illumination of ROS in the presence of ATP was confirmed, but the species of guanine nucleotide that were stimulated to bind under these conditions were identified as [32P]GDP and [32P]GTP rather than [32P]cGMP. The precautions to prevent enzymic hydrolysis of cGMP, which included conducting the reactions at 0 degrees and the addition of 3-isobutyl-l-methylxanthine (250 microM) to the reaction mixture did not prevent about a 20-fold increase in the rate of phosphodiesterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of radiolabeled cGMP by light when ATP was also present. This stimulation of phosphodiest...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Bufo marinus
Rod Cell Outer Segment
Cyclic GMP
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Ciliary Photoreceptor Cells
Guanine Nucleotides

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