PMID: 484256Jan 1, 1979Paper

Non-selective and selective beta-1-adrenoceptor blocking agents in the treatment of hyperthyroidism

Acta Medica Scandinavica
O R NilssonS Almqvist


Treatment for one month with propranolol or atenolol, a selective beta-1-adrenoceptor blocking agent, was evaluated in 20 hyperthyroid patients. The patients improved to the same extent on either drug, as shown by a clinical diagnostic index. Basal metabolic rate decreased by 11% during both treatments, while it was unchanged in seven untreated hyperthyroid controls. Thyroxine concentration did not change during any treatment. During propranolol treatment T3 decreased from 4.6 to 3.9 nmol/l, while no changes were observed during atenolol treatment or in the control group. No significant changes were seen in free T4, free T3 or rT3 concentrations on any treatment, although free T3 was observed to decrease slightly during propranolol treatment. Thus, the improvement of the clinical symptoms of hyperthyroidism cannot be explained by diminished thyroid hormone concentrations in serum, since the reduction was small during propranolol and absent during atenolol treatment.


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