Non-synonymous mutations of SARS-CoV-2 leads epitope loss and segregates its variants

Microbes and Infection
Aayatti Mallick GuptaSukhendu Mandal


The non-synonymous mutations of SARS-CoV-2 isolated from across the world have been identified during the last few months. The surface glycoprotein spike of SARS-CoV-2 forms the most important hotspot for amino acid alterations followed by the ORF1a/ORF1ab poly-proteins. It is evident that the D614G mutation in spike glycoprotein and P4715L in RdRp is the important determinant of SARS-CoV-2 evolution since its emergence. P4715L in RdRp, G251V in ORF3a and S1498F of Nsp3 is associated with the epitope loss that may influence pathogenesis caused by antibody escape variants. The phylogenomics distinguished the ancestral viral samples from China and most part of Asia, isolated since the initial outbreak and the later evolved variants isolated from Europe and Americas. The evolved variants have been found to predominant globally with the loss of epitopes from its proteins. These have implications for SARS-CoV-2 transmission, pathogenesis and immune interventions.


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