Nonbacterial myositis

Current Infectious Disease Reports
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone


Infectious myositis is defined as an infection of a skeletal muscle. Infectious myositis is most commonly caused by bacteria; however, a variety of viral, parasitic, and fungal agents may also cause myositis. The pathogenesis of nonbacterial infectious myositis is via direct or hematogenous infection of the musculature or immune mechanisms. Symptoms typically include muscular pain, tenderness, swelling, and/or weakness. The diagnosis of the specific microbe is often suggested by the presence of concordant clinical signs and symptoms, a detailed medical and travel history, and laboratory data. For example, immunocompromised hosts have a heightened risk of fungal myositis, whereas the presence of a travel history to an endemic location and/or eosinophilia may suggest a parasitic cause. Definitive diagnosis requires detecting the organism by specific laboratory testing including serologies, histopathology, and/or cultures. Treatment entails antimicrobial agents against the pathogen, with consideration for surgical drainage for focal purulent collections within the musculature.


Sep 2, 2011·Parasitology Research·Samar N El-BeshbishiGoman A El-Ganainy
Aug 6, 2013·Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·Hemant KulkarniAndrew McLean-Tooke
Jun 18, 2016·Infection, Genetics and Evolution : Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics in Infectious Diseases·Anson V KoehlerRobin B Gasser
Oct 12, 2016·Neuromuscular Disorders : NMD·P DevicP Petiot
Jul 11, 2017·British Journal of Hospital Medicine·Siba P PaulPaul A Heaton
Dec 4, 2019·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·Anthony J LentscherTerence S Dermody
May 14, 2020·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Ricardo E VerdinerAshish K Khanna
Aug 28, 2020·BMJ Case Reports·Weh Kiat Gan
Oct 13, 2020·Current Treatment Options in Neurology·Sarah H Berth, Thomas E Lloyd


Jun 1, 1978·Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases·W CossermelliM Shiroma
Mar 1, 1978·The American Journal of the Medical Sciences·J K JainC B Lauter
Jan 16, 1978·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·A A MihasS P Kent
Apr 1, 1978·Archives of Internal Medicine·C I JarowskiR T Silver
Mar 1, 1976·Neurology·B B SawhneyP L Wahi
Dec 1, 1992·Postgraduate Medical Journal·C O'Leary, R Finch
Jan 1, 1990·Leukemia Research·F R SchnellerB D Clarkson
Sep 1, 1988·Archives of Disease in Childhood·S S WalshC A Hart
Nov 7, 1986·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·M C DalakasJ L Sever
Feb 1, 1987·Mycopathologia·A C ReboliR J Jacobson
Mar 1, 1985·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·V E Jiménez-LuchoE J Fisher
Dec 1, 1985·Arthritis and Rheumatism·P B HalversonA R Sulaiman
Jul 1, 1971·American Heart Journal·E J Bell, N R Grist
May 1, 1982·Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism·P S KallenA S Bayer
Feb 1, 1980·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·H A KesslerS Levin
Dec 1, 1980·Archives of Internal Medicine·J JosselsonJ H Sadler
Sep 1, 1995·Neurosurgery·M HardjasudarmaR Edwards
Sep 1, 1994·Neurology·P ChariotRomain K Gherardi
Apr 1, 1996·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·U Singh, W M Scheld
Dec 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·B A BarberP S Pegram
Mar 1, 1996·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·G S Pearl, B Sieger
Nov 1, 1996·Current Opinion in Rheumatology·S R Ytterberg
Apr 1, 1997·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·J G MontoyaJ S Remington
Nov 5, 1997·Neuromuscular Disorders : NMD·M CuturicA Velasques
Aug 12, 1998·The Journal of Hospital Infection·H SakataS Maruyama
Jan 14, 1999·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·O M Takayanagui, L Chimelli
Nov 5, 1999·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·M K ArnessD E Granstrom
Dec 10, 1999·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·T M DavisN J White
Jul 7, 2000·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·G WattW Chaicumpa
Dec 21, 2000·Current Rheumatology Reports·J BrennerB D Golden
Feb 15, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·K Thursky, J Torresi
Jun 19, 2001·Journal of Korean Medical Science·J R Kim, J M Lee
Jan 11, 2002·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·R M JavierR Herbrecht
Dec 7, 2002·Neuromuscular Disorders : NMD·A Di MuzioA Uncini
Feb 13, 2003·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·Mamta SharmaMohamad G Fakih
May 27, 2003·Muscle & Nerve·Anne PlonquetRomain K Gherardi
Jun 20, 1953·British Medical Journal·J F WARINA D VIZOSO
Jan 1, 1957·Acta Paediatrica·A LUNDBERG
Apr 1, 1964·Neurology· MANSOURS EL-D, H H RESSE
Mar 3, 2004·Human Pathology·Roger D SmithThomas Brown
Jul 2, 2004·The New England Journal of Medicine·Christina M CoyleMurray Wittner
Aug 5, 2004·Infection·P AgyemanC Aebi

Related Concepts

Pathogenic Aspects
Laboratory Procedures
Pathogenic Organism
Set of Muscles
Sore to Touch
Disorder Characterized by Eosinophilia
Eosinophilic Disorder

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Related Papers

Clinical Microbiology Reviews
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
California and Western Medicine
L N Cozen
La Revue du praticien
Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja
J Sivenius, P Riekkinen
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved