Nov 1, 1991

Nonexpression of the human serum amyloid A three (SAA3) gene

DNA and Cell Biology
B Kluve-BeckermanM D Benson


Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute-phase plasma protein synthesized by the liver. In addition to the two major plasma isoforms described in humans (SAA1 and SAA2), a third form (SAA3) has been demonstrated in several other species and is distinguished by predominant extrahepatic expression. Two clones, Ch11g5-1-1 and HDg1-1, containing the human SAA3 gene are described in this report. The human SAA3 gene is comparable in organization to the SAA1 and SAA2 genes and shares with them 87% nucleotide identity in the region spanning exon 3 through exon 4. Sequences 5' to exon 3, however, are strikingly different from those in the SAA1 and SAA2 genes. For instance, the sequence deduced for amino acids 1-12 (exon 2) has only 25% identity with human SAA1 and SAA2; it most closely resembles that of rabbit SAA3 isolated from synovial fibroblast cultures (75% identity). Although rabbit SAA3 induces collagenase production in an autocrine fashion the human SAA3 gene is not expressed. This is shown by: (i) a single base insertion in the sequence corresponding to codon 31, (ii) the inability of a 918-bp fragment immediately upstream from SAA3 exon sequences to direct transcription of a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene, and (...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

SAA2 gene
Gene Amplification
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Serum Proteins
Plasma Protein Assay
Genome Mapping
Southern Blot Result

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