Noninvasive KRAS mutation estimation in colorectal cancer using a deep learning method based on CT imaging

kan Hehuimao zhang


ABSTRACT Background: The detection of Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog ( KRAS )gene mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC) is key to the optimal design of individualized therapeutic strategies. The noninvasive prediction of the KRAS status in CRC is challenging. Deep learning (DL) in medical imaging has shown its high performance in diagnosis, classification, and prediction in recent years. In this paper, we investigated predictive performance by using a DL method with a residual neural network ( ResNet ) to estimate the KRAS mutation status in CRC patients based on pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT imaging. Methods: We have collected a dataset consisting of 157 patients with pathology-confirmed CRC who were divided into a training cohort (n = 117) and a testing cohort (n = 40). We developed an ResNet model that used portal venous phase CT images to estimate KRAS mutations in the axial, coronal, and sagittal directions of the training cohort and evaluated the model in the testing cohort. Several groups of expended region of interest (ROI)patches were generated for the ResNet model,to explore whether tissues around the tumor can contribute to cancer assessment. We also explored a radiomics model with the random forest c...Continue Reading

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