Nonmelanoma skin cancer and risk for subsequent malignancy

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Jiping ChenAnthony J Alberg

Abstract

Individuals with a personal history of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) may have an increased risk of subsequent noncutaneous malignancies. To test this hypothesis, we carried out a community-based, prospective cohort study. In the CLUE (Give Us a Clue to Cancer and Heart Disease) II cohort, which was established in Washington County, MD, in 1989, the risk of new malignancies was compared among individuals with (n = 769) and without (n = 18,405) a personal history of NMSC (total n = 19,174) during a 16-year follow-up period. Pathologically confirmed NMSC (and other malignancies) were ascertained from the Washington County Cancer Registry. Cox regression analysis with time-dependent covariates was used to determine the hazard ratios (presented as multivariable-adjusted relative risks [RRs]) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of second primary malignancies associated with a previously confirmed NMSC diagnosis. All statistical tests were two-sided. The crude incidence rate (per 10,000 person-years) of subsequent cancers other than NMSC among participants with a positive personal history of NMSC was 293.5 and with a negative history was 77.8. Compared with persons with no personal history of NMSC, those with such a history had a stat...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Pigmented Basal Cell Carcinoma
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Squamous Cell Carcinoma
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