PMID: 2185106May 1, 1990

Nonprogression of subclinical beta-cell dysfunction among first-degree relatives of IDDM patients. 5-yr follow-up of the Seattle Family Study

Diabetes
D K McCullochJ P Palmer

Abstract

It is unknown among first-degree relatives of individuals with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) whether the disease process occurs in relatively few but always progresses to clinical IDDM or whether subclinical disease is more common but remains nonprogressive in many cases. Islet cell antibodies (ICAs) were found in 21 of 724 (2.9%) first-degree relatives during screening in the greater Seattle area between 1983 and 1988. Measures of beta-cell function (glucose disappearance rate [Kg], fasting insulin, acute insulin response to intravenous arginine [AIRarg], acute insulin response to intravenous glucose [AIRgluc], slope of glucose potentiation of AIRarg) and insulin sensitivity were obtained. Twenty individuals, 9 ICA+ relatives and 11 ICA- relatives, were evaluated prospectively. When expressed in relation to the expected AIRgluc based on each subject's sensitivity index, AIRgluc in 18 of 20 relatives fell below 100%, indicating inappropriately low insulin secretion (subclinical beta-cell dysfunction). After a median follow-up of 42 mo, 10 of 11 ICA- relatives remained ICA-. None showed deteriorating beta-cell dysfunction, and none developed diabetes. Five ICA+ relatives showed persistent immunologic positivity. bet...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Insulin Sensitivity
Immunology
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
HLA Antigens
Novolin
Islet Cell
Arginine
Family Investigation, NOS
Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent
Insulin Secretion

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