Mar 1, 1990

Nonreciprocal complementation of the hlyC and lktC genes of the Escherichia coli hemolysin and Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin determinants

Infection and Immunity
C Forestier, R A Welch

Abstract

The genetic organization of the Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin operon (lktCABD) is similar to that of the Escherichia coli hemolysin (hlyCABD). Their gene products share a sequence similarity of 66, 62, 90.5, and 75.6%, respectively. We investigated the role of the C proteins (LktC and HlyC) by performing reciprocal transcomplementation analyses in an E. coli recombinant background. In the absence of the C genes, neither LktA nor HlyA had their respective cytotoxic activities. When hlyC was provided in trans to lktA, the toxin that was produced had the same activity and target cell specificity as the wild-type leukotoxin; it was leukotoxic for bovine lymphoid cells but not human lymphoblast cells when it was evaluated by a 51Cr-release assay. We also detected a weak hemolytic activity for the active form of LktA against sheep erythrocytes. In contrast, an E. coli strain containing lktC with hlyA produced a form of HlyA which was neither hemolytic nor cytotoxic. A monoclonal antibody (D12) against HlyA which recognized an epitope specific to the active form of HlyA did not cross-react in immunoblots with LktA that was activated by either LktC or HlyC. We conclude that the mechanism for activation of leukotoxin and hemolysin ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
LTX, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
Leukotoxin
Mannheimia haemolytica
Bacterial Proteins
Structure-Activity Relationship
Toxin
Bacterial Toxins
Lymphoid Cells
Bos taurus

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