Normal size left ventricle on antenatal scan in lethal hypoplastic left heart syndrome
N G Anderson, J Brown
We present a case of lethal hypoplastic left heart syndrome missed at routine 20-week antenatal ultrasound examination because the left ventricle was of normal size on the standard four-chamber cardiac view. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome includes a spectrum of cardiac malformations. This case illustrates the difficulty in excluding the diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome on a single view from one antenatal second-trimester ultrasound examination.
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.