PMID: 8329675May 1, 1993

Normalization of uremic acidosis in hemodialysis patients with a high bicarbonate dialysate

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
C W Oettinger, J C Oliver


Uremic acidosis accompanies chronic renal failure in hemodialysis patients because of a retention of nonvolatile acids. Standard bicarbonate (39 mEq/L) and acetate (38 mEq/L) dialysates do not completely correct the acidosis. The acid-base and biochemical effect of a high-bicarbonate (42 mEq/L) dialysate was evaluated in 38 patients during high-efficiency and high-flux dialysis over 12 wk. All patients were dialyzed on standard bicarbonate dialysate before the study and for 8 wk after the study. In order to monitor potential excessive alkalosis, predialysis and postdialysis arterial blood gases were measured in seven patients who initially had a normal predialysis pH. Serum chemistries revealed no significant changes in predialysis BUN, calcium, ionized calcium, or phosphorus during the 12-wk study. There was no change in postdialysis ionized calcium or phosphorus. Predialysis and postdialysis serum total CO2 (STCO2) increased over the 12-wk study (P < 0.0001). By week 12, 75% of the hemodialysis patients had an STCO2 > 23 mEq/L and no patient had an STCO2 > 30 mEq/L predialysis. After the 8-wk washout, all chemistries were no different from prestudy concentrations. Predialysis blood gases in seven patients with normal predialy...Continue Reading

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