DOI: 9, 2021Proceedings Paper

Normalized Modulus Reduction and Damping Ratio Curves for Bay of Campeche Calcareous Clay to Carbonate Mud

Francisco Alonso Flores LopezVictor Manuel Taboada


Equations to calculate the modulus reduction curve (G/Gmax-γ) and material damping ratio curve (D-γ) of calcareous clay and clayey carbonate mud of the Bay of Campeche and Tabasco Coastline are developed. This was achieved using a database of 156 resonant column tests and 468 strain-controlled cyclic direct simple shear tests performed in clays with 10 % ≤ CaCO3 ≤90 %. The effects of carbonate content (CaCO3), mean effective confining pressure (σ′m), plasticity index (PI), and overconsolidation ratio (OCR) on the shape of the modulus reduction and material damping ratio curves are shown based on the available laboratory data and the equations developed to calculate these curves. It is shown that as CaCO3 increases, the normalized shear modulus (G/Gmax) curve tends to shift downward and the damping ratio (D) curve tends to shift upward; as σ′m and PI increase, the G/Gmax curve tends to shift upward and the damping ratio curve tends to shift downward; and the value of OCR has practically no effect on the position of the curves. The validation of the calculated values of G/Gmax and D shows the best predictions are found at low shear strains for G/Gmax and at large shear strains for D, falling within ± 25 % of the measured values, ...Continue Reading

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