PMID: 41648Dec 1, 1979

Novel 125I-labeled nortriptyline derivatives and their use in liquid-phase or magnetizable solid-phase second-antibody radioimmunoassays

Clinical Chemistry
R S KamelD S Smith


Nortriptyline derivatives prepared by reaction with fluorescein isothiocyanate or conjugation to N-acetyl-L-histidine were radioiodinated and the products purified with Sephadex LH-20 columns to obtain two novel nortriptyline radioligands. Antisera were raised in rabbits by immunization with nortriptyline conjugated to succinylated ovine albumin. By use of the iodinated fluorescein derivative we developed a liquid-phase second-antibody radioimmunoassay that gives results correlating closely (r = 0.98) with those by an established radioimmunoassay of similar specificity in the assay of apparent total amitriptyline and its metabolite nortriptyline in serum or plasma from patients being treated with these drugs. With the iodinated N-acetyl-L-histidine derivative we developed a magnetizable solid-phase second-antibody radioimmunoassay. The cross reactivities of amitriptyline and nortriptyline could be made equal by performing the assay at pH 9.0, which makes it possible to measure true total active drug concentrations in patients receiving amitriptyline.

Related Concepts

Isotope Labeling, Stable
Immune Sera
Cross Reactions
Nortriptyline Assay

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.