Novel 3,6-Dihydroxypicolinic Acid Decarboxylase-Mediated Picolinic Acid Catabolism in Alcaligenes faecalis JQ135

Journal of Bacteriology
Jiguo QiuJian He

Abstract

Picolinic acid (PA), a typical C-2-carboxylated pyridine derivative, is a metabolite of l-tryptophan and many other aromatic compounds in mammalian and microbial cells. Microorganisms can degrade and utilize PA for growth. However, the precise mechanism of PA metabolism remains unknown. Alcaligenes faecalis strain JQ135 utilizes PA as its carbon and nitrogen source for growth. In this study, we screened a 6-hydroxypicolinic acid (6HPA) degradation-deficient mutant through random transposon mutagenesis. The mutant hydroxylated 6HPA into an intermediate, identified as 3,6-dihydroxypicolinic acid (3,6DHPA), with no further degradation. A novel decarboxylase, PicC, was identified to be responsible for the decarboxylation of 3,6DHPA to 2,5-dihydroxypyridine. Although, PicC belonged to the amidohydrolase 2 family, it shows low similarity (<45%) compared to other reported amidohydrolase 2 family decarboxylases. Moreover, PicC was found to form a monophyletic group in the phylogenetic tree constructed using PicC and related proteins. Further, the genetic deletion and complementation results demonstrated that picC was essential for PA degradation. The PicC was Zn2+-dependent nonoxidative decarboxylase that can specifically catalyze the ...Continue Reading

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