DOI: 10.1101/457895Oct 31, 2018Paper

Novel 3,6-Dihydroxypicolinic Acid Decarboxylase Mediated Picolinic Acid Catabolism in Alcaligenes faecalis JQ135

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jiguo QiuJian He


Alcaligenes faecalis strain JQ135 utilizes picolinic acid (PA) as sole carbon and nitrogen source for growth. In this study, we screened a 6-hydroxypicolinic acid (6HPA) degradation-deficient mutant through random transposon mutagenesis. The mutant hydroxylated 6HPA into an intermediate, identified as 3,6-dihydroxypicolinic acid (3,6DHPA) with no further degradation. A novel decarboxylase PicC was identified that was found to be responsible for the decarboxylation of 3,6DHPA to 2,5-dihydroxypyridine. Although, PicC belonged to amidohydrolase\_2 family, it shows low similarity (<45%) when compared to other reported amidohydrolase\_2 family decarboxylases. Moreover, PicC was found to form a monophyletic group in the phylogenetic tree constructed using PicC and related proteins. Further, the genetic deletion and complementation results demonstrated that picC was essential for PA degradation. The PicC was Zn2+-dependent non-oxidative decarboxylase that can specifically catalyze the irreversible decarboxylation of 3,6DHPA to 2,5-dihydroxypyridine. The Km and kcat towards 3,6DHPA were observed to be 13.44 μM and 4.77 s-1, respectively. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that His163 and His216 were essential for PicC activity.

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