Novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT3) receptor antagonists. III. Pharmacological evaluations and molecular modeling studies of optically active 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-benzimidazole derivatives
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
M OhtaI Yanagisawa
The R- and S-enantiomers of the 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-benzimidazole derivatives 3-8 were prepared by optical resolution. Each R-isomer, except for 3, was almost two orders of magnitude more potent than its S-isomer as a 5-hydroxytrptamine (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, as judged from they effect on the von Bezold-Jarisch reflex (B. J. reflex) in rats, the contraction of isolated guinea-pig colon and the receptor-binding affinity. The (--)-(R)-5-[(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)carbonyl] derivative 6R.HCl (ramosetron = YM060) and (--)-(R)-5-[(1-indolinyl)carbonyl] derivative 4R.HCl (YM114 = KAE-393) given p.o. were hundreds of times more potent than 1 (ondansetron) and 2 (granisetron) in their inhibitory effects on cisplatin-induced emesis in ferrets and restraint stress-induced increases in fecal pellet output in rats. Three-dimensional molecular modeling studies suggested that the 'chiral selection' of the enantiomers might be influenced by the steric repulsion between the aromatic ring part and the conformationally restricted 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-benzimidazole ring in "equatorial-twist" conformation. In our pharmacophore model for the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, a basic center exists at the left side of the aromatic-carbonyl plane when...Continue Reading
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