Novel Brugada syndrome-causing mutation in ion-conducting pore of cardiac Na+ channel does not affect ion selectivity properties

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
A S AminHanno L Tan

Abstract

Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac disease with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus far Brugada syndrome has been linked only to mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding the alpha-subunit of cardiac Na+ channel. In this study, a novel SCN5A gene mutation (D1714G) is reported, which has been found in a 57-year-old male patient. Since the mutation is located in a segment of the ion-conducting pore of the cardiac Na+ channel, which putatively determines ion selectivity, it may affect ion selectivity properties. HEK-293 cells were transfected with wild-type (WT) or D1714G alpha-subunit and beta-subunit cDNA. Whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was used to study biophysical properties at room temperature (21 degrees C) and physiological temperature (36 degrees C). This study represents the first measurements of human Na+ channel kinetics at 36 degrees C. Ion selectivity, current density, and gating properties of WT and D1714G channel were studied. D1714G channel yielded nearly 80% reduction of Na+ current density at 21 and 36 degrees C. At both temperatures, no significant changes were observed in V(1/2) values and slope factors for voltage-dependent activation and inactivation. At 36 degrees C, but ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 22, 2010·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·Ahmad S AminHanno L Tan
Feb 9, 2008·Molecular Biology and Evolution·Manda Clair JostHarold H Zakon
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