Novel effect of Y-24180, a presumed specific platelet activation factor receptor antagonist, on Ca2+ levels and growth of human prostate cancer cells

Cellular Signalling
Chung-Ren Jan, Yu-Ying Chao

Abstract

In human prostate cancer PC3 cells, the effect of Y-24180, a presumed specific platelet activation factor (PAF) receptor antagonist, on intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) was measured by using fura-2 as a Ca2+-sensitive fluorescent probe. Y-24180 (1-10 microM) caused a rapid and sustained [Ca2+]i rise in a concentration-dependent manner. The [Ca2+]i rise was prevented by 40% by removal of extracellular Ca2+, but was not changed by dihydropyridines, verapamil and diltiazem. In Ca2+-free medium, thapsigargin, an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase, caused a monophasic [Ca2+]i rise, after which the increasing effect of 10 microM Y-24180 on [Ca2+]i was reduced by 67%; conversely, depletion of Ca2+ stores with 10 microM Y-24180 abolished thapsigargin-induced [Ca2+]i rise. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, inhibited ATP-, but not Y-24180-induced [Ca2+]i rise. Activation of protein kinase C with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) enhanced Y-24180-induced [Ca2+]i rise by 70%. Overnight treatment with 0.1-10 microM Y-24180 inhibited cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Collectively, these results suggest that Y-24180 acts as a potent and cytotoxic Ca2+ mobilizer in prostate cancer cell...Continue Reading

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