Novel interstitial 2q12.3q13 microdeletion predisposes to developmental delay and behavioral problems.

Neurogenetics
Minh-Tuan HuynhClaire Bénéteau

Abstract

Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is being increasingly applied to delineate novel genomic disorders and related syndromes in patients with developmental delay. In this study, detailed clinical and cytogenetic data of three unrelated patients with interstitial 2q12.3q13 microdeletion were described and compared with thirteen 2q12.3q13 microdeletion patients, gathered from the medical literature and public databases. 60 K aCGH analysis revealed three overlapping 2q12.3q13 microdeletions measuring 1.88 Mb in patient 1, 1.25 Mb in patient 2, and 0.41 Mb in patient 3, respectively. Confirmation and segregation studies were performed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and quantitative real-time PCR. Variable clinical features of 2q12.3q13 microdeletion including microcephaly, prenatal growth retardation, developmental delay, short stature, behavioral problems, learning difficulties, skeletal anomalies, congenital heart defects, and features of ectodermal dysplasia were observed. The boundaries and sizes of the 2q12.3q13 deletions in the sixteen patients were different, but an overlapping region of 249 kb in 2q12.3 was defined. The SRO (smallest region of overlap) encompasses four genes, including...Continue Reading

References

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