PMID: 11427942Jun 28, 2001

Novel kinetic analysis of enzymatic dipeptide synthesis: effect of pH and substrates on thermolysin catalysis

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Y MurakamiA Hirata

Abstract

The point of maximum activity is specific to a particular substrate-enzyme system but may vary with different substrates and the same enzyme. The specificity of enzymes has, however, been generally reported only at their "optimal" pH. In this article, we introduce the Michaelis-Menten equation taking pH into account, and apply it to the pH-activity profile of the thermolysin-catalyzed dipeptide synthesis. It has been reported to date that the pH-activity profile of thermolysin follows a bell-shaped curve with a maximal activity at or near pH 7.0. The profiles obtained in this study, however, indicated that the optimal pH varied from 5.8 (for F-AspPheOMe) to 7.3 (for Z-ArgPheOMe), and the order of thermolysin activity was greatly dependent on the pH of reaction media. We have succeeded in evaluating the substrates-induced change of the dissociation states of the active site of thermolysin using the hydrophobicity of substrates. We have obtained apparent kinetic parameters which are independent of the pH of reaction media. The apparent specificity of thermolysin which were independent of pH of the reaction media was in order L-Leu > L-Asp > L-Arg > L-Ala > L-Gly > L-Val and Z > Boc = F at P1 and P2 positions, respectively.

References

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Citations

Related Concepts

Carboxylic Acids
Catalysis
Dipeptides
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Substrate Specificity
Thermolysin

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