PMID: 10859260Jun 22, 2000

Novel thiourea compounds as dual-function microbicides

Biology of Reproduction
Osmond J D'CruzFatih M Uckun


Sexually active women represent the fastest growing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome risk group. In an effort to develop a vaginal microbicidal contraceptive potentially capable of preventing HIV transmission as well as providing fertility control, we previously reported the synthesis of novel nonnucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with sperm-immobilizing activity (SIA). To gain further insight into the structure-function relationship controlling these two properties of NNIs, we have rationally designed and synthesized 30 novel thiourea compounds and examined them for dual-function, anti-HIV and spermicidal activity. Twelve of the 30 thiourea compounds exhibited potent anti-HIV activity in the nanomolar range (IC(50) = <1-9 nM). Nine of the 30 thiourea derivatives exhibited both anti-HIV and spermicidal activity. Among the phenyl ring-containing thioureas, the 2-fluoro (HI-240) -substituted and 2-chloro (HI-253) -substituted derivatives exhibited potent anti-HIV activity (IC(50) = <1 nM) with SIA (EC(50) = 70 microM and 147 microM). Among the alicyclic ring-containing thioureas, the 5-bromo (HI-346) and 5-chloro (HI-445) functionalized cyclohexenyl ring-substituted th...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

HI 445
HI 253
Cervix Uteri
Medicinal Plants Testing, Preclinical
Sperm Motility
Vaginal Spermicides
Structure-Activity Relationship

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