Aug 1, 1996

Nuclear magnetic resonance and high-performance liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonance studies on the toxicity and metabolism of ifosfamide

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
P J FoxallJeremy K Nicholson


A combination of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-NMR spectroscopic methods has been used to analyse urine from humans and rats treated with the anticancer drug ifosfamide. It was possible to detect a range of abnormal endogenous metabolites in urine after ifosfamide administration to human subjects undergoing cancer therapy and to relate the metabolic perturbations to the nephrotoxic effects of the drug. Changes observed by 1H NMR included increases in levels of urinary glucose, glycine, alanine, histidine, lactate, acetate, succinate, and trimethylamine-N-oxide and decreases in the levels of hippurate and citrate. Additional evidence was gained that ifosfamide-induced nephrotoxicity might be related to the level of oxidation of the coadministered drug mesna. By using both directly coupled continuous-flow 31P HPLC-NMR spectroscopy to determine the retention times of the phosphorus-containing metabolites and, subsequently, stop-flow 1H HPLC-NMR of the urine, it was possible to isolate and identify on-line the metabolites ifosfamide mustard, 4-hydroxy-ifosfamide, 2-dechloroethylifosfamide, and the parent compound itself. These studies illustrate the potential of c...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations16


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations16


Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Citrate Measurement
Phosphate Measurement

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.