PMID: 38962Jun 1, 1979

Nuclear-magnetic-resonance study on Met-enkephalin and Met-enkephalinamide. Molecular association and conformation

European Journal of Biochemistry
T HigashijimaT Miyazawa

Abstract

The 270-MHz 1H and 68-MHz 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of Met-enkephalin (Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met) and Met-enkephalinamide are analyzed in a variety of solvents. For the dipolar form of Met-enkephalin in (C2H3)2SO solution, significant concentration dependences are found of C-alpha proton chemical shifts, indicating an aromatic ring-current effect in molecular aggregates. An anomalous temperature dependence is observed of the amide proton chemical shift of the Met-5 residue. Furthermore, the chemical shifts of C-alpha protons of the dipolar form are found to depend appreciably on temperature. From the analyses of the temperature dependences together with concentration dependences of C-alpha proton resonances, the dipolar form of Met-enkephalin is found to be in an equilibrium of folded and extended conformations at low concentration in (C2H3)2SO solution. Solvent-composition dependences of the amide and C-alpha proton resonances and carbonyl and alpha-carbon resonances of the dipolar form in 2H2O/(C2H3)2SO solution are consistent with the conformation equilibrium and the association equilibrium. The folded conformation of the dipolar form in (C2H3)2SO solution is stabilized by the intramolecular attraction between the pos...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Apr 1, 1991·Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design·I N Demetropoulos, N Gresh
May 12, 2010·The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B·Guillem Revilla-LópezCarlos Alemán
Aug 1, 1993·Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics·V E Dorofeyev, A K Mazur
Sep 11, 1990·European Journal of Biochemistry·D PiconeP A Temussi
Feb 15, 1985·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·V RenugopalakrishnanR S Bhatnagar
Aug 14, 1981·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·D MarionB P Roques
Jul 13, 2002·Biopolymers·Mahalaxmi Aburi, Paul E Smith
Aug 1, 1995·European Journal of Biochemistry·G L MendzR E Martenson
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Jan 4, 2005·Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡·A A Zamyatnin
Jan 1, 1987·International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research·O L Olatunji, S Premilat
Mar 1, 1991·International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research·G A HeavnerG Goldstein
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