DOI: 1008.0704Aug 26, 2010Paper

Nucleation in scale-free networks

ArXiv
Hanshuang ChenHouwen Xin

Abstract

We have studied nucleation dynamics of the Ising model in scale-free networks with degree distribution $P(k)\sim k^{-\gamma}$ by using forward flux sampling method, focusing on how the network topology would influence the nucleation rate and pathway. For homogeneous nucleation, the new phase clusters grow from those nodes with smaller degree, while the cluster sizes follow a power-law distribution. Interestingly, we find that the nucleation rate $R_{Hom}$ decays exponentially with the network size $N$, and accordingly the critical nucleus size increases linearly with $N$, implying that homogeneous nucleation is not relevant in the thermodynamic limit. These observations are robust to the change of $\gamma$ and also present in random networks. In addition, we have also studied the dynamics of heterogeneous nucleation, wherein $w$ impurities are initially added, either to randomly selected nodes or to targeted ones with largest degrees. We find that targeted impurities can enhance the nucleation rate $R_{Het}$ much more sharply than random ones. Moreover, $\ln (R_{Het}/R_{Hom})$ scales as $w^{\gamma-2/\gamma-1}$ and $w$ for targeted and random impurities, respectively. A simple mean field analysis is also present to qualitative...Continue Reading

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