May 9, 2015

Nucleoid-associated proteins encoded on plasmids: Occurrence and mode of function

Masaki ShintaniHideaki Nojiri


Nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs) play a role in changing the shape of microbial DNA, making it more compact and affecting the regulation of transcriptional networks in host cells. Genes that encode NAPs include H-NS family proteins (H-NS, Ler, MvaT, BpH3, Bv3F, HvrA, and Lsr2), FIS, HU, IHF, Lrp, and NdpA, and are found in both microbial chromosomes and plasmid DNA. In the present study, NAP genes were distributed among 442 plasmids out of 4602 plasmid sequences, and many H-NS family proteins, and HU, IHF, Lrp, and NdpA were found in plasmids of Alpha-, Beta-, and Gammaproteobacteria, while HvrA, Lsr2, HU, and Lrp were found in other classes including Actinobacteria and Bacilli. Larger plasmids frequently carried multiple NAP genes. In addition, NAP genes were more frequently found in conjugative plasmids than non-transmissible plasmids. Several host cells carried the same types of H-NS family proteins on both their plasmids and chromosome(s), while this was not observed for other NAPs. Recent studies have shown that NAP genes on plasmids and chromosomes play important roles in the physical and regulatory integration of plasmids into the host cell.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Pseudomonas Infections
Protein Export Pathway
Histone antigen
BpH3 protein, Bordetella pertussis

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