DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/gt2020-14853Jan 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Numerical Investigation on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Variable Geometry Turbine Vane Cascade for Marine Gas Turbines

Jie Gao, Dongchen Huo

Abstract

Variable geometry turbines for marine gas turbines typically use variable vane technology to regulate turbine performance under variable operating conditions, but the variable geometry turbine produces additional losses as compared to the fixed geometry turbine. The method of combining experiment and numerical calculations was adopted to investigating the variable vane tip leakage loss at different vane turning angles, and its influence on the vane aerodynamic characteristics. The numerical calculations were performed using the ANSYS CFX 18.0 numerical prediction code, adopting the SST k-ω turbulence model to investigate the aerodynamic parameter distribution downstream of the variable vane under five different vane turning angles (−6°, −3°, 0°, +5° and +10°) and three different Mach Numbers (0.3, 0.5 and 0.6). The results showed that the tip leakage is the main source of aerodynamic loss of variable vanes. The tip leakage vortex and passage vortex show strong mixing characteristics in the downstream of variable vanes, especially at the 0.3Mach condition. The change of the vane turning angle alters not only the incidence angle to the vane itself, but also the outflow angle downstream of the vane. There is a linear relationship ...Continue Reading

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