Numerical study of in situ preconcentration for rapid and sensitive nanoparticle detection

Kai Yang, J Wu


This paper presents a numerical study of a preconcentrator design that can effectively increase the binding rate at the sensor in a real time manner. The particle enrichment is realized by the ac electrothermal (ACET) effect, which induces fluid movement to carry nanoparticles toward the sensor. The ACET is the only electrical method to manipulate a biological sample of medium to high ionic strength (>0.1 Sm, e.g., 0.06x phosphate buffered saline). The preconcentrator consists of a pair of electrodes striding over the sensor, simple to implement as it is electrically controlled. This preconcentrator design is compatible and can be readily integrated with many types of micro- to nanosensors. By applying an ac signal over the electrodes, local vortices will generate a large velocity perpendicular to the reaction surface, which enhances transport of analytes toward the sensor. Our simulation shows that the binding rate at the sensor surface is greatly enhanced. Our study also shows that the collection of analytes will be affected by various parameters such as channel height, inlet velocity, and sensor size, and our results will provide guidance in optimization of the preconcentrator design.


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Jan 10, 2014·Biomicrofluidics·Wang ZhaoGuodong Sui
Sep 27, 2014·Electrophoresis·Shanshan LiHongyuan Jiang
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Mar 1, 2017·Colin DaltonAlinaghi Salari

Methods Mentioned


Related Concepts

Ion Channel
Inorganic phosphate
In Situ
Binding (Molecular Function)

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