Dec 8, 2004

Nutrient restriction differentially modulates the mammalian target of rapamycin signaling and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in skeletal muscle of cows and their fetuses

Journal of Animal Science
Min DuS P Ford

Abstract

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling controls nutrient-stimulated protein synthesis in skeletal muscle, whereas ubiquitin-proteasome systems control the degradation of myofibrillar proteins. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of nutrient restriction on the mTOR signaling and ubiquitin-proteasome system in the skeletal muscle of cows and their fetuses. Beginning 30 d after conception, 20 cows were fed either a control diet that provided 100% nutrient requirements or a nutrient-restricted diet at 68.1% of NE(m) and 86.7% of metabolizable protein requirement. Cows were slaughtered on 125 d of gestation, and the LM of both cows and fetuses was sampled for the measurement of mTOR, ribosomal protein S6, adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and protein ubiquitylation. When comparing the muscle samples from nutrient-restricted and control cows and their fetuses, no difference was observed for the content of mTOR and ribosomal protein S6, but the phosphorylation of mTOR at Ser(2448) and ribosomal protein S6 at Ser(235/336) were greater (P < 0.05) in control muscle than in muscle from nutrient-restricted animals. Because the phosphorylation of mTOR and ribosomal protein S6 upregul...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Proteasome Pathway
Fetal Structures
Protein Degradation, Regulatory
Diet
Adenosine
Ubiquitin
Ribosomal Protein S6
PRKAA2 gene
Protein Phosphorylation

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