Nutritional Assessment and its Association with Rotavirus Positivity Among Under Five Children Admitted with Diarrhea in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Southern Haryana, India.

Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Suraj ChawlaNayana P Nair

Abstract

To estimate the burden of undernutrition and its association with rotavirus positivity among under-five children admitted with diarrhea. This prospective observational study was carried out in hospital-setting from February 2016 to January 2020. For all cases who met the eligibility criteria, an informed written consent was obtained from parents/caregivers. A case report form was used to collect sociodemographic, anthropometric and clinical data. The anthropometric measurements of children were performed according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Nutritional assessment revealed that 74.1% study subjects were underweight [Weight-for-Age (WAZ) < -2], 59% were stunted [Height-for-Age (HAZ), < -2] and 52.3% were wasted Body Mass Index (BMIZ) < -2]. Stunting was found to be significantly higher among boys as compared to girls and rotavirus positive diarrhea was significantly less prevalent among stunted children. There exists a very high prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting among hospitalized children with diarrhea. As the better nutrition has not been shown to guard against rotavirus diarrhea, coverage scale-up of rotavirus vaccination, improved hygiene and sanitation, and focussed nutrition programmes are...Continue Reading

References

Feb 1, 1980·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·R MartorellR E Klein
Jan 1, 1995·Annals of Tropical Paediatrics·M MpabalwaniY Numazaki
Nov 2, 2004·Pediatric Annals·Charlotte G NeumannNimrod O Bwibo
Aug 30, 2008·Nutrition Reviews·Richard L GuerrantAldo A M Lima
May 15, 2012·Lancet·Li LiuUNKNOWN Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF
Apr 16, 2013·Lancet·Christa L Fischer WalkerRobert E Black
Jun 12, 2013·Lancet·Robert E BlackUNKNOWN Maternal and Child Nutrition Study Group
Apr 10, 2016·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Jacqueline E TateUNKNOWN World Health Organization–Coordinated Global Rotavirus Surveillance Network

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Citations

Feb 5, 2021·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Gagandeep Kang, Amrita Sekhar

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