Sep 1, 1977

Nutritional assessment and support during infection

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
G L Blackburn

Abstract

Protein malnutrition is one of the principal factors relating to morbidity and mortality during infection. Nutritional assessment is required to determine the severity of depletion and degree of hypermetabolism affecting this patient population. Simple anthropometric and 24-hr urine collections together with routine biochemical analyses can readily allow clinical assessment to occur. Optimal utilization of dietary intake is dependent on the degree of protein catabolism and energy expenditure in excess of the basal energy requirement. Urinary nitrogen excretion in 24-hr on a protein-free diet is especially valuable in aiding this assessment. This analysis together with urinary creatinine which provide important estimates of lean body mass and serial measures will allow estimates of the progression of malnutrition. In infected adults optimal protein intake to produce positive nitrogen balance is 1.5 to 2.0 g of protein/kg per day. This would appear to reflect the fact that 16% of the caloric expenditure comes from protein sources during injury. Since this value is approximately twice that seen during nonstress, the reutilization of body protein would appear to be decreased. Careful appreciation of the metabolic response during in...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Dietary Intake
Creatinine
Morbidity Aspects
Protein Degradation, Regulatory
Energy Metabolism
Urine Specimen Collection
Protein Degradation, Metabolic
Staphylococcal Protein A
Dietary Requirements

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.