Nutritional factors of microsomal enzymatic induction: influence of lipidic components of the diet

European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
J MounieA Escousse


We compared the ability of two different diets containing 6 per cent of maize oil and 6 per cent of fish oil to modify: firstly the enzyme induction by phenobarbital and secondly the phenobarbital hydroxylation by the liver either in vivo or during in vitro perfusions. The presence of fish oil in the diet increased the cyt P 450 content and the bilirubin glucuronosyl transferase activity. The two induction effects promoted by the association of the phenobarbital treatment and the eating of the fish oil were not additive and it was found that the phenobarbital induction effect was decreased by the fish oil consumption. Phenobarbital and p-hydroxyphenobarbital kinetics were different in the two groups of animals. Phenobarbital was more slowly eluted in the fish oil fed than in the maize oil fed rats while p-hydroxyphenobarbital was more slowly eluted by the fish oil-fed rat livers.


Oct 1, 1986·The Journal of Nutrition·J MounieG Siest
Jan 1, 1988·Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology·J MounieR C Truchot
Jan 1, 1985·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·M J SavolainenE A Sotaniemi
Feb 1, 1974·Biochemical Pharmacology·I BartosekI Simonazzi
Nov 1, 1972·Biochemical Pharmacology·W P Norred, A E Wade
Feb 11, 1982·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·N ChacosJ Capdevila
Jul 20, 1982·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·M Tien, S D Aust

Related Concepts

Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Enzyme Induction
Fish Liver Oils
Microsomes, Liver
August Rats
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.