Objects that make objects: the population dynamics of structural complexity

Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
James P Crutchfield, Olof Görnerup

Abstract

To analyse the evolutionary emergence of structural complexity in physical processes, we introduce a general, but tractable, model of objects that interact to produce new objects. Since the objects--epsilon-machines--have well-defined structural properties, we demonstrate that complexity in the resulting population dynamical system emerges on several distinct organizational scales during evolution--from individuals to nested levels of mutually self-sustaining interaction. The evolution to increased organization is dominated by the spontaneous creation of structural hierarchies and this, in turn, is facilitated by the innovation and maintenance of relatively low-complexity, but general individuals.

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Citations

May 21, 2008·Artificial Life·Olof Görnerup, James P Crutchfield
Jul 10, 2013·Artificial Life·James Whitacre, Axel Bender
Feb 20, 2010·Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling·James M Whitacre
Jan 17, 2012·PloS One·David KellyKaroline Wiesner
Jan 19, 2018·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·Richard J CarterStephen Mann
Feb 7, 2020·Artificial Life·Randall D Beer
Jun 5, 2017·Journal of Mathematical Biology·Donald A Dawson

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