Obstetric and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with isolated foetal congenital heart abnormalities

The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
Cathy LiuS Kumar

Abstract

Objective: To determine obstetric, intrapartum, and perinatal outcomes for pregnancies with isolated foetal congenital heart defects (CHDs). Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women that delivered an infant with an isolated major CHD between January 2010 and April 2017 at a major Australian perinatal centre. The study cohort was compared with a cohort of women with infants without CHD. Cardiac abnormalities were broadly subdivided into the following five categories using the International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision (ICD-10) as a guide - transposition of the great arteries (TGA), septal defects, right heart lesions (RHL), left heart lesions (LHL), and "other". Demographic characteristics and obstetric, intrapartum, and perinatal outcomes were compared between the two cohorts. Results: The final study cohort comprised of 342 infants with isolated CHD and 68,911 controls. Of the infants with CHD, 20.4% (70/342) had transposition of the great vessels, 23% (79/342) had septal lesions, 14.6% (50/342) had right sided lesions, 23.3% (80/342) left sided, and 18.4% (63/342) categorised as "other". Women with foetal CHD had a higher BMI and had higher rates of cardiac disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertens...Continue Reading

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