PMID: 2244789Jan 1, 1990Paper

Occurrence and structure of lipoteichoic acids in the genus Staphylococcus

Archives of Microbiology
G J Ruhland, F Fiedler

Abstract

Lipoteichoic acids were isolated from eleven species of the genus Staphylococcus using phenol-water partition and hydrophobic chromatography on octyl-Sepharose CL-4B. The lipoteichoic acids purified could be visualized by SDS-PAGE. They were shown to be composed of a hydrophilic poly(glycerophosphate) chain covalently linked to gentiobiosyldiacylglycerol, the common lipid anchor of these molecules. Glycerophosphate units of the hydrophilic chain were found to be partly substituted with ester-linked D-alanine, except in the case of S. cohnii. The lipoteichoic acids isolated from S. cohnii, S. hominis, S. saprophyticus and S. simulans contain alpha(1-2)-linked N-acetylglucosamine as an additional substituent of the poly(glycerophosphate) backbone.

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Citations

Jul 30, 1999·Developmental and Comparative Immunology·S Kawabata, S Iwanaga
Feb 7, 2001·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·S MorathT Hartung
Jun 15, 1993·European Journal of Biochemistry·B KochanowskiI Ishizuka
Jul 15, 2003·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Edwin S Van AmersfoortJohan Kuiper
Jul 16, 2005·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Bénédicte Fournier, Dana J Philpott
May 19, 2000·Infection and Immunity·A Kolb-MäurerW Goebel
Dec 11, 2003·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·Francis C Neuhaus, James Baddiley
Jan 13, 2009·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·Adam C Schaffer, Jean C Lee
Jan 13, 2012·Current Opinion in Microbiology·Brett R Hanson, Melody N Neely
Feb 28, 2015·Nanomedicine : Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine·Nina Dinjaski, M Auxiliadora Prieto
Sep 22, 2018·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·B McKay WoodSuzanne Walker
May 8, 2013·Infection and Immunity·Quanyi ChenClifford M Snapper
Mar 1, 2012·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Christian TheilackerJohannes Huebner

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