PMID: 6401802Feb 1, 1983Paper

Occurrence of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase in the mammalian CNS: distribution and kinetic studies on the rat brain enzyme

Journal of Neurochemistry
A AbbruzzeseR Porta


5'-Deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) phosphorylase catalyzes the cleavage of MTA, a secondary product of polyamine biosynthesis, to 5-methylthioribose-1-phosphate and adenine. The occurrence and the general properties of the enzyme were studied in mammalian brain with the following results. (1) Cerebral tissues contained levels of MTA phosphorylase that were comparable to those occurring in other mammalian tissues. (2) Interspecies differences in the enzyme distribution were quite limited, with the highest specific activity values observed in pig brain. Moreover, the enzyme seemed to be generally more concentrated in the cerebellar fractions. (3) Rat brain MTA phosphorylase was highly localized in the cellular soluble fraction. In the first days of rat life, its specific activity in the whole brain was observed to decline significantly from a value of 17.6 units/mg at 1-5 days of age to 13.7 units/mg at 6-10 days of age, remaining then fairly constant up to maturity. (4) Kinetic studies performed with the soluble enzyme extracted from rat brain showed: a pH optimum of 7.4; a Km value for MTA of about 10 microM; an inhibitory effect of the MTA analog 5'-deoxy-5'-isobutylthioadenosine; and a remarkable resistance of the enzyme t...Continue Reading


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