PMID: 11476121Jul 31, 2001Paper

Olanzapine as alternative therapy for patients with haloperidol-induced extrapyramidal symptoms: results of a multicenter, collaborative trial in Latin America

Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
J A Costa e SilvaPierre V Tran


Conventional antipsychotic agents can induce extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) that may be alleviated by switching patients to novel agents such as olanzapine. Patients with schizophrenia and related disorders (ICD-10) who were taking haloperidol (N = 94; mean dose = 12.7 mg/day) and had EPS (Simpson-Angus Scale [SAS] > 3) were directly switched to 6 weeks of open-label olanzapine treatment (mean dose = 11.4 mg/day). There were significant mean improvements (p <0.001 for all measurements) from baseline to endpoint on the SAS (-9.69+/-5.33; percentage change, 87.2%), the Barnes Akathisia Scale (-1.00+/-1.19; percentage change, 82.5%), and the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (-1.48+/-2.89; percentage change, 81.1%), and anticholinergic use decreased from 47.9% to 12.8% (mean baseline to endpoint change: -1.52+/-1.91-mg equivalents of benztropine; p < 0.001). Significant mean baseline to endpoint improvements (p < 0.001 for all measurements) were observed on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS; -25.28+/-18.67; percentage change, 30.3%), the PANSS-extracted Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (0-6 scale, -13.41+/-10.16; percentage change, 54.4%), and the Clinical Global Impressions Severity scale (-1.16+/-1.19; percentage ch...Continue Reading


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