DOI: 10.1101/464214Nov 6, 2018Paper

Olfactory sensory neurons mediate ultra-rapid antiviral immune responses in teleosts in a TrkA-dependent manner

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ali SepahiIrene Salinas

Abstract

The nervous system is known to regulate host immune responses. However, the ability of neurons to detect danger and initiate immune responses at barrier tissues is unclear. Vertebrate olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) are located in direct contact with the external environment and therefore are directly exposed to pathogens. Here, we report that nasal delivery of rhabdoviruses induced apoptosis in crypt OSNs in rainbow trout olfactory organ (OO) vi the interaction of the OSN TrkA receptor and the viral glycoprotein. This signal resulted in pro-inflammatory immune responses in the OO and dampened inflammation in the olfactory bulb (OB). CD8α+ cells infiltrated the OO within minutes of nasal viral delivery and this response was abrogated when TrkA was blocked. Infiltrating CD8α+ cells originated from the microvasculature surrounding the OB and not the periphery. Ablation of crypt neurons in zebrafish resulted in increased susceptibility to rhabdoviral challenge. Our results, therefore, indicate a novel function for OSNs as a first layer of pathogen detection in vertebrates.

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

Antivirals (ASM)

Antivirals are medications that are used specifically for treating viral infections. Discover the latest research on antivirals here.

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BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

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