ON- and OFF-response of the photopic electroretinogram in relation to stimulus characteristics

Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
Maja SustarJelka Brecelj


The aim of this study was to explore the effect of stimulus duration, stimulus intensity, stimulus wavelength and background luminance on the amplitude and waveform of the ON- (b-wave) and OFF- (d-wave) response of the photopic ERG. The following parameters were used in this study: stimulus duration from 5 to 200 ms, the flash intensities from 0.4 to 2.1 log cd s/m2, the background luminance from 20 to 50 cd/m2 and stimulus wavelengths 460, 508 and 667 nm. Prolonging the stimulus duration from 75 to 200 ms did not influence the amplitudes of a-, b- and d-waves significantly. Higher stimulus intensities (1.9 log cd s/m2) broadened the b-wave and increased variability of its implicit time. With a brighter background (50 cd/m2) the b-wave did not broaden and its optimal amplitude was preserved. Stimuli of longer wavelengths (667 nm) significantly reduced the d-wave amplitude. Our results suggest that high intensities and longer wavelengths (red) may not be suitable stimulus parameters in the routine clinical ON- and OFF-response recording.


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