PMID: 36728Jan 1, 1978

On the deacetylase activity of Vi bacteriophage III particles

Acta biochimica Polonica
H BeilharzS Stirm

Abstract

1. Using the complete phage particles as an enzyme, O-acetyl (1 leads to 4)-alpha-D-galacturonan (acetylated pectic acid) as a substrate, and gas-liquid-chromatography for the determination of the acid liberated, the virus-catalysed deacetylation of the polymer was studied. The activity was found to be stable up to about 50 degrees C, and from pH 4.5 to 9, with an optimum at pH 7.8; it was not affected by EDTA, or by 1,10-phenanthroline. The initial reaction velocity (at 37 degrees C) exhibited a simple hyperbolical dependence on the substrate concentration, with Km = 10.5 mM for O-acetyl (independent of virus concentration), and Vmax = 15 nmoles/min and 10(10) plaque forming units. The reaction was, however, rapidly inhibited by a partially deacetylated product (but neither by acetate, nor by pectic acid itself). 2. Using the natural substrate, acetylated (1 leads to 4)-2 amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-galacturonan (Vi polysaccharide, Vi antigen), and a variety of structural analogues, the following conclusions about the substrate specificity of the Vi phage III deacetylase (acetyl-alpha-1,4-galacturonan acylhydrolase) were reached: (a) acetylated galacturonan is as good a substrate as acetylated aminogalacturonan; (b) of the two subst...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Chromatography
Bacteriophages
Dental Plaque
polygalacturonic acid
acetylated pectic acid
1,10-phenanthroline
Antigens
Acetylesterase
Substrate Specificity
Senile Plaques

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