PMID: 39972Jan 1, 1978

On the possible mode of action of serotonin in neurotransmission and brain dysfunction

Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementum
W Wesemann


Criteria necessary to classify a substance as neurotransmitter are used to determine whether disturbances in neurotransmitter function are involved in brain disorders. Six rather stringent criteria for a neurotransmitter are satisfied by the biogenic amine 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT): 1. the availability of 5-HT within the CNS is proved by its synthesis and transport, 2. it is stored within the presynaptic bouton, 3. presynaptic stimulation releases 5-HT, 4. it reacts with receptors of the synaptic membranes. 5. a functional equivalence of presynaptic stimulation and subsynaptic 5-HT action can be demonstrated, 6. the transmission is terminated by a retrieval mechanism.--On the basis of this transmitter concept brain dysfunctions as described in the literature are discussed in the light of results obtained using in vitro techniques with isolated synaptic structures. In renal and hepatic insufficiency the transport of the 5-HT precursor tryptophan is affected at the site of the blood-brain barrier. Tryptophan-5-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in 5-HT synthesis, is inhibited in hypoxia. The antiparkinson drug 1-aminoadamantane and its 3.5-dimethyl derivative, D 145, inhibit 5-HT catabolism as well as 5-HT storage in synaptic...Continue Reading

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Brain Diseases
Hepatic Insufficiency
Synaptic Transmission
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Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt

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