Oct 15, 1989

On the regulation of the mitochondrial inner membrane anion channel by magnesium and protons

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A D Beavis, M F Powers


The inner membrane of mitochondria possesses a pH-regulated anion uniporter which is activated by depletion of matrix divalent cations with A23187 (Beavis, A. D., and Garlid, K. D. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 15085-15093). It is now shown that Cl- transport through this pathway is inhibited by Mg2+ and Ca2+. There appear to be two sites for inhibition by Mg2+. One has an IC50 = 38 microM at pH 7.4 and appears to be on the inside since it is only observed in the presence of A23187 (10 nmol/mg). The other has an IC50 = 440 microM at pH 7.4 and appears to be on the outside since it is observed in mitochondria pretreated with very low doses of A23187 (0.25 nmol/mg or less) and in A23187-pretreated mitochondria washed to remove A23187. Ca2+ is found to inhibit anion uniport in the presence or absence of A23187 with an IC50 of about 17 microM. In contrast to these findings Cl- uniport, activated by addition of valinomycin to respiring mitochondria without depleting endogenous Mg2+ is found to be very insensitive to exogenous Mg2+, being inhibited with an IC50 of 3.2 mM. This is explained by examination of the pH dependence of the Mg2+ IC50 in non-respiring mitochondria. The internal IC50 is found to be pH-dependent, rising to about 25...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
CA2 gene
Cations, Divalent
Magnesium Measurement
Ion Channel
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt

About this Paper

Related Feeds

ASBMB Publications

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) includes the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, and the Journal of Lipid Research. Discover the latest research from ASBMB here.